Point petro

Point petro

Point Pedro- Northernmost point of Sri Lanka

The top attractions to visit in Point Pedro are Sakkotai · Theru Moodi Madam · Vallipuram Alvar Vishnu Kovil ·

Point Pedro is a town, located in Jaffna District, Sri Lanka, at the northernmost point of the island.

Cotton is produced around Point Pedro in the fertile calcic red latosol soils. The eastern coast of Point Pedro forms a 3-mile wide, 20-mile long beach with sand dunes up to 100 feet high, extending to Thalayady. The porous soil has a water table deep underground with an estimated one billion liters of freshwater. The Boxing Day tsunami of 2004 raised the salt content of the groundwater. The tsunami destroyed parts of the town and submerged some parts with seawater up to 4 feet deep.

The place-name of Point Pedro is a corruption of the Portuguese “Ponta das Pedras” meaning “the rocky cape”.[1] The name of the town in Tamil is Paruthithurai, which literally means “Cotton Harbour”. The harbor exported cotton to South India for centuries

Vallipuram, a village nearby was an ancient settlement with rich archeological remains.[3] During pre-colonial and colonial times Point Pedro was a trading port. There is a large number of people in and around Point Pedro who trace their families to local traders, called Sambangarar, ‘சம்பாங்காரர்’ in Tamil, meaning ‘ship people’.

There are several Catholic churches built around Point Pedro along the coasts and in Nelliady. Sacred Heart College is a major Catholic high school situated in Nelliady.


In the 17th Century Philippus Baldaeus, a Christian missionary from the Netherlands settled in Jaffna following the Dutch occupation of Ceylon. He documented the lives and customs of the Tamil people of Northern Ceylon. His studies were published in the Netherlands and later in Germany. In Point Pedro’s market, there is a stone inscription commemorating Baldeus giving lessons from the Bible under a tamarind tree. The tree was uprooted by a cyclone in 1962.

Wesleyan missionaries from Great Britain established schools in the area including Hartley College and the Methodist Girls High School.

There are American mission schools at Uduppiddy and Thunnalai.

Heritage sites in Point Pedro include the lighthouse, the hill of St. Lourdes church of Thumpalai, and the Vallipuram temple.

Point Pedro has a small harbor, which is controlled by the Sri Lankan army. If the much-delayed and frequently re-planned Sethusamudram Shipping Canal Project is completed, deepening the Palk Straits between India and Sri Lanka to allow larger ships to pass, rather than having to travel 650 km around Sri Lanka, then Point Pedro and other ports in the Jaffna peninsula may see a significant increase in maritime trade, especially with India.